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  Jewel Cave Flowstone  

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Uploaded: 03/08/18 5:17 AM GMT
Jewel Cave Flowstone
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Flowstones are composed of sheetlike deposits of calcite formed where water flows down the walls or along the floors of a cave. They are typically found in "solution caves", in limestone, where they are the most common cave formation. However, they may form in any type of cave where water enters that has picked up dissolved minerals. These were clinging to a wall in a cavern in the second-longest cave in the world (at 143 miles), Jewel Cave National Monument, in South Dakota's Black Hills. (That first link is an actual map of the layout of the cave, literally going in all directions at many different levels.) After a 240-foot elevator ride down we continued down 723 stair steps along a 1/2 mile loop, (equivalent to 40 flights of stairs). This cavern was about half-way down those steps. The flowstone here, at a constant 49 degrees Fahrenheit/9 degrees Celcius, is likened by the rangers as caramel or peanut butter flowing across the rocks. Water flows very slowly over rocks, leaving minute layers of calcite behind, building up over many years. As we traveled down the aluminum stairways, hanging onto the railings in the steeper areas, we were regularly flinging condensation off our hands. It's quite wet and cool down there... and I not talking about just the temperature. ;o) The next time I go to the Black Hills, however, I'm planning a return visit to Wind Cave National Park, about 23 miles southeast of Jewel. I've been there several times in the past and I personally find it more beautiful and photogenic than Jewel, and when I do go I'll bring back some of those unusual Wind Cave sights for you. 3.08-5

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.Dunstickin
03/08/18 9:00 AM GMT
There was a local cave near to me had this...sadly it is no longer there due to vandalism and graffiti....I used to go walks to this and was amazed at the textures and colourings of them!
3∈ [?]
::Nikoneer
03/08/18 10:38 AM GMT
Luckily, sites like these in South Dakota and other places are protected by rangers and the federal government for everyone to enjoy.

-Nik
0∈ [?]
If you've ever wanted to make a difference but found it hard to believe that one person could... check out the Kiva Team Caedes discussion thread and discover that anything is possible.
.0930_23
03/08/18 5:49 PM GMT
I haven't been in many caves Knik, but you have captured the dark, damp feel that I got when I was in one.
Bats off to you for a good photo.

TicK


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3∈ [?]
People are like cameras--sometimes they lose focus.
::tigger3
03/08/18 7:50 PM GMT
I have seen the inside of some, and I think you handled this shot very well. tigs=^..^=
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Nature in all her glory is my uplift on life and so is my love of photography. sandi ♪ ♫
::Ramad
03/09/18 9:40 AM GMT
Not a place to take shelter! Interesting image and description Nik. Must be quite a sight. 143 miles! I never heard about that.
4∈ [?]
Smooth seas do not make skilful sailors.
.icedancer
03/13/18 3:07 PM GMT
I love going into caves, to see such marvelous scenes and formations
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